Anatomy of An Engagement Ring

Posted on July 1st, 2016

Designing a one-of-a-kind engagement ring is a great way to create a personalized piece of jewelry; however, the different technical terms used by jewelers may seem confusing and overwhelming. The following guide will help decode the mystery surrounding jewelry jargon.

The Head

Multiple elements comprise the head of the ring. It includes the center stone and the fixtures that hold the stone in place. The collet, also called the setting, is made up of the circular rim that holds the stone and the claws that help keep the stone secure.

Types of Heads and Settings
Different head, setting styles and shapes are available to highlight the carat size and shape of the center stone. For example, a buttercup setting features claws that curve over the side of the stone. This type of setting is elaborate and typically resembles a flower as suggested by the name. Marquis, princess cut, or other angular stones are well-suited to a V-shape claw setting.
This 3.5 carat old mine cut diamond engagement ring flaunts a beautiful setting:

The Center Stone

This is the star of the ring design. The center stone can be cut into a variety of shapes ranging from the traditional round to more oval or angular styles. While a single stone is the most common choice, a setting can feature more than one center stone. Engagement rings feature center stones in all different sizes ranging from 0.3 carat up to 10 carats that may be surrounded by smaller side stones. Diamonds are the traditional choice, but a yellow diamond, a sapphire, emerald, or ruby can be equally beautiful.

This 3.4 carat transitional cut diamond ring flaunts simplicity and displays the center stone masterfully:

The Prongs or Claws

Most rings feature between four and six pieces of metal that hold the center stone securely in place. When designing the ring, it is important to strike a balance between form and function. More claws mean that the stone is more secure and less likely to come loose while fewer claws highlight the clarity and beauty of the stone by permitting more light to shine through.

Side Stones

Elaborate rings may feature dozens of small stones surrounding the band or center stone. These stones may match or serve as a contrast to the larger center stone. For example, a ring may feature a large, colored gemstone, such as an emerald, surrounded by smaller diamonds.  Side stones can expertly accent your engagement ring and enhance and enlarge the appearance of the center diamond. This masterful enhancement provides unrivaled brilliance and dazzling sparkle.
This 6.37 carat fancy yellow cushion cut diamond is magnified with the beautiful yet simple side stones:

The Band or Shank

This is the part of the ring that encircles the finger. The band is adjusted to your size and often inscribed in the case of an engagement ring. Many brides opt for diamonds to cover the band or shank. There are also a variety of styles in terms of how many shanks and where they connect and end in connection with the center stone and side stones. The possibilities are really endless. You can customize and create your timeless engagement ring with the expertise of Mark Broumand and our wide selection of stones on display at our showroom.
This 4.16 carat fancy yellow cushion cut diamond rocks a simple diamond band:

This 3.11 carat oval cut diamond has two bands:

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